Black plants – more specifically, red or purple flowers and foliage dark enough to appear black – can offer a dramatic transformation to an outdoor garden, enhancing its level of interest. Add a bit of your own dark sophistication with our list of black flowers and foliage.
THE BLACK LIST
‘Queen of Night’ is a near-black tulip that looks great mixed with something pale like tulip ‘Angelique’ (a pale pink, peony-flowered variety).
—Barbara Damrosch, author of The Garden Primer (Rodale, 2003)
I appreciate black and dark red hellebores because they hold their color long after paler pinks and whites have faded to green in the spring heat. Black-flowered hellebores are luscious, but against the bare soil of late winter, they disappear. To make them stand out, I combine them with pale-flowered bulbs and glowing foliage. Snowdrops and winter aconite bloom as the hellebores are opening. Both set off the dark flowers with their pure, bright colors. Later in the season, I use white variegated or yellow sedges such as golden woodland sedge.
—Cole Burrell, author of Rodale’s Illustrated Encyclopedia of Perennials (Rodale, 2004)
I grow black Johnny jump-ups and let them self-sow around pale yellow primroses and golden feverfew.
—Lauren Springer Ogden, author of Passionate Gardening: Good Advice for Challenging Climates (Fulcrum Publishing, 2000)
Purple smoke bush makes a great moody backdrop for billows of ‘Monch’ blue aster, or for sulphur-yellow ‘Moonbeam’ coreopsis. You can clip it low, to stay an accent piece in a smaller-scale garden, or you can prune off the bottom branches and train it into a graceful tree. Or slice it off at ground level in spring before budding and it’ll send up poker-straight new shoots that look great with June perennials. Smoke bush’s foliage turns muddy brown by late summer, but all is forgiven when it flames into a burst of orange and red for fall.
I use Physocarpus ‘Diabolo’, Weigela ‘Wine and Roses’, and Sambucus ‘Black Beauty’ to complement the perennials and to help tie the garden together. My favorites all grow well in my zone and do not require spraying, extra fertilizer, or staking. Plants that need the “intensive care unit” to survive do not make for a sustainable garden.
—Stephanie Cohen, coauthor of the Perennial Gardener’s Design Primer (Storey Publishing,
Mondo Grass I have a much-loved, incredibly slow-growing black mondo grass in an old Japanese pot—it’s a great container plant.